Exploring the Martini Universe: from Classic to Creative

Martini – an iconic cocktail

The Martini, a symbol of sophistication and elegance, is one of the most iconic cocktails in the world. The exact origin of this drink is a subject of debate and legend. One theory is that it originated in the United States, with a prominent theory linking it to the California Gold Rush in the mid-1800s. According to this theory, a bartender in Martinez, California, created the first Martini-like cocktail, which was initially called the “Martinez.” Over time, the recipe evolved, and the drink became known as the Martini.

Another theory suggests that this cocktail has European roots, possibly originating in the Italian town of Martini di Arma di Taggia, where vermouth was produced in the 19th century. It’s said that the cocktail may have been named after this vermouth.

Regardless of its exact origins, the cocktail has left an indelible mark on cocktail culture, becoming a favorite among those who appreciate the art of mixology. Thus type of cocktail even have a national day in the US, UK, and Canada – June 19th.

It has had a prominent presence in literature, film, and popular culture. It’s often associated with characters like James Bond 007, who famously ordered his Martinis “shaken, not stirred.” The drink also makes appearances in classic novels, such as F. Scott Fitzgerald’s “The Great Gatsby,” where it symbolizes decadence and excess during the Jazz Age.

The Gibson Martini

As I mentioned in the “6 basic cocktails“, this cocktail possesses a distinctive quality, characterized by its varying levels of dryness, spanning from “wet” (with a higher proportion of vermouth) to “dry” (containing less vermouth), and ultimately reaching “bone dry” (nearly devoid of vermouth).

traditional Martini recipe

The martini – it’s like an old friend of mine. I remember that freezing winter night when I stumbled into a cozy speakeasy after a hard day at work. The bartender looked at my face and knew what I needed at the moment – a classic Martini.

That first sip was like a warm embrace, instantly chasing away all my stress. It felt like I was sipping on a bit of liquid courage and strength. Over the years, the martini has been there with me through the highs and lows – celebrations, heartbreaks, and everything in between. Each time I raise that glass, it’s like a nod to resilience to go through all the obstacles in life.

This drink is a simple yet exquisite cocktail, traditionally made with just a few key ingredients and it’s easy to make. Here is how to make the original Martini at home:

Classic Martini

A symbol of refinement and timeless elegance
Total Time 8 minutes
Course Drinks
Cuisine American, European
Servings 1
Calories 210 kcal


  • 2 ½ oz Gin or vodka
  • ½ oz Dry vermouth
  • Ice
  • Lemon twist or olive for garnish optional


  • Fill a mixing glass or shaker with ice.
  • Pour in 2 1/2 ounces of gin or vodka.
  • Add 1/2 ounce of dry vermouth.
  • Stir (for a gin Martini) or shake (for a vodka Martini) vigorously until well-chilled.
  • Strain the mixture into a chilled Martini glass.
  • Garnish with a lemon twist or an olive, if desired.


The calorie count is an approximate estimate and can vary depending on factors such as the specific brands of alcohol and vermouth used, as well as the size of the garnish. If you’re concerned about the calorie content, you can opt for lower-calorie versions of vermouth or choose to enjoy your Martini without a garnish.
Keyword cocktail, drinks


Over the years, this cocktail has evolved, giving rise to numerous different types. Each offers a unique flavor profile and twist on the classic cocktail. Here are a few popular ideas:

  • Dirty Martini: Add a small amount of olive brine to the classic version for a salty twist. Garnish with olives.
  • Gibson: Similar to a classic recipe but garnished with cocktail onions instead of olives or lemon twist.
  • Vesper: Made famous by James Bond, it combines gin, vodka, and Lillet Blanc. It’s typically garnished with a lemon twist.
  • Appletini: A sweeter variation, made with apple schnapps or apple-flavored vodka.
  • (Godiva) Chocolate Martini: Perfect for dessert, including chocolate liqueur and cream or milk, creating a decadent flavor profile.
  • French Martini: A fruity twist on the classic, made with vodka, raspberry liqueur, and pineapple juice.
The French cocktail
  • Espresso Martini: For coffee lovers, this variant combines vodka or whiskey (Bailey), coffee liqueur, and freshly brewed espresso.
  • Hendrick’s Martini: Made with Hendrick’s Gin, this variation has a unique flavor profile due to the addition of cucumber and rose petal infusions.
  • Saketini: A fusion of East and West, this type uses sake along with gin or vodka and is often garnished with a cucumber slice.
  • Fruity Martini: A delightful variation that infuses vibrant fruit flavors (pomegranate, orange, strawberry, pear, grapefruit, watermelon, cranberry mistletoe, green apple, mango, sour apple, or yuzu), into the mix, creating a refreshing and enticing drink experience. You can name some of them like the Pornstar version (passion fruit) or Limoncello (lemon drop).
Johanna Cleveland
About the author

Hi, I'm Kate, the creator of Happy Baking Days. I'm a food lover, recipe creator, and kitchen explorer. I have amateur baking knowledge gained from years spent in the kitchen with my grandma and mum, where I graduated slowly from dusting work surfaces with flour and licking the spatula to the finer arts of pastry and meringue. Now in my own kitchen, I put all those years of training into practice, experimenting with recipes and ingredients from around the world. Join me as I share my culinary journey and favorite recipes that make cooking a delightful experience.

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